Today, December 1, is World AIDS Day. This day is celebrated to raise awareness against this deadly disease and HIV virus. AIDS victims are also remembered on this occasion.
Today, a large number of citizens in different parts of the world are holding candlelight rallies to raise awareness about AIDS and HIV. On this day, people also symbolically tie or wear red ribbons.
According to the United Nations AIDS Program, there are approximately 37 million people living with the disease worldwide. However, the UN AIDS program warned in July that global efforts to combat the disease were slowing.
AIDS deaths are at their lowest level in centuries. Last year, less than a million people died of AIDS and related diseases.
On the other hand, there is a severe shortage of aid against this deadly disease. As a result, many people who urgently need it are not able to benefit from the services provided to prevent it. In addition, hate speech towards AIDS patients remains a major problem.
World AIDS Day History:
The disease first appeared in the 1980s. Seventy million people worldwide have been affected since then. About half of the 35 million people have died of AIDS and related diseases.
World AIDS Day has been celebrated on December 1 since 1988. On this day, special events are held to raise awareness about the HIV / AIDS epidemic and to commemorate those who have died. Governments, health organizations, NGOs and individuals around the world celebrate this day by organizing various activities related to AIDS protection and control.
There Is A Difference Between HIV And AIDS
“Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” (AIDS) is the term used for the last stage of HIV when life-threatening cancers or immediate infections due to a lack of immunity surround the patient. Initially, AIDS was common when HIV spread because antiretroviral therapy (ART) was not available then. Because of this therapy, most people living with HIV do not go to the stage of AIDS.
AIDS occurs in people who are diagnosed with the HIV virus too late or who avoid using ART. If HIV infection is not detected or ART is not used, it can take five to 10 years for HIV-related illnesses to appear. Sometimes the duration is less than that. It takes 10 to 15 years for AIDS to develop after HIV infection. Some people take even longer. HIV is found in many body fluids. These include blood, sperm, vaginal and direct fluids and breast milk.
What Are The Possible Causes Of HIV?
HIV can be transmitted through unprotected intercourse, blood transfusions (through syringes, surgical instruments, blades, etc.) and from the infected mother to the baby (during pregnancy, during birth or breastfeeding). Although no cure for HIV has yet been discovered, antiretroviral drugs, which prevent the virus from replicating or reproducing, suppress it. ART lowers the level of the virus in the body so that the immune system begins to function properly.
This is how people with HIV start living healthier lives. People who receive therapy or treatment also have a reduced ability to transmit HIV infection to others. Although ART strengthens an individual’s immune system. People living with HIV can benefit from expert counseling and psychological support so that they can lead a better life. HIV lasts a lifetime, it can affect mental health. To live a good life, one must take good care of good food, clean water and personal hygiene and adopt a healthy lifestyle.