Animals That Live on Land and Water (With Pictures)

Animals that live on land and water are known as amphibians. These creatures have adapted to survive in both terrestrial and aquatic environments. They have unique characteristics that allow them to do so.

Based on their habitat, animals can be classified into five different categories.

Terrestrial – Animals that live on land Animals that can fly and spend most of their time in the air are said to be aerial. Arboreal – a type of animal that lives on trees. Aquatic – Animals that live in water. Animals that live on land and water are called semi-aquatic.

Today we will discuss animals that live on land and water, which are known as semi-aquatic in biology.

Amphibians are the most famous class of animals that live on land and water. However, apart from amphibians, many other animals can live on both mediums.

Let’s introduce us to 17 incredible animals that live on land and water.

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Ducks

Animals That Live On Land And Water

One of the most well-known members of our list of animals that live on land and water. Because of the habitats they inhabit, ducks are also known as waterfowl. They are usually found near lakes, rivers and ponds, where they feed on a variety of aquatic plants and invertebrates.

However, although they spend most of their time in the water, ducks move to land for a few reasons.

First, ducks prefer to nest on dry land near water. When they are on the beach, ducks also eat insects and terrestrial plants.

So, despite being classified as waterfowl, ducks often move to land, which is almost as much water as their home.

Read Also: Strongest Sea Animals in the World

Beavers

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Beavers are semi-aquatic mammals that live in ponds, lakes, and rivers throughout the United States. They are true herbivores, and their diet is based on fruits, woody plants, aquatic debris, and other plants.

More critically, these rodents require water to survive even though they enjoy swimming and taking baths. Once these natural architects build a dam, they rarely travel much over land.

Beavers are highly suited to aquatic habitats, as they move slowly on land, and are always under potential threat from various predators.

As a result, they will stay very close to the water, and if not excessively needed, it will not even come out of it.

Geese

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Geese are birds that live in and around freshwater areas. For the majority of their lives, geese are found in water.

Out in the water, many sneaky predators wait for the perfect opportunity to strike. Geese are excellent swimmers, so they find protection from potential enemies in the water.

However, they usually collect and eat aquatic plants when they are on land. Except for feeding, geese usually build nests on the ground, yet, unlike ducks, geese build nests in high places.

So, although they are classified as aquatic creatures, geese are animals that live on land and water.

Read Also: Sea Animals With Shells

Platypuses

Platypuses are semi-aquatic mammals that make their home in rivers and streams. This unique creature is found only in eastern Australia and Tasmania.

They are animals with webbed feet that use their swimming abilities to hunt underwater. Insects, larvae and crabs are their food. They are known to hunt for up to 12 hours a day.

Platypuses rarely go to land, as they burn 30 percent more energy on land. As a result, they will only go out of the water to rest and sleep in their burrows.

Frog

animals that live in lakes

A frog is an animal that lives on land most of the time. However, as a member of the amphibian family, frogs require a moist environment to survive.

If the frogs stay on the ground for too long, their skin will dry out and they will die. Therefore, they usually occupy terrestrial habitats near swamps and ponds so that they can quickly dive into the water when needed.

The interesting thing about these slimy creatures is that they do not drink water but hydrate themselves through their skin.

Despite being excellent swimmers and fast hopping animals, frogs are endangered by many wildlife both in water and on land.

Read Also: Rarest Animals

River otters of North America

Animals That Live On Land And Water

River otters are thought of in North America, typically inhabiting rivers, streams, ponds, and other aquatic environments. These semi-aquatic mammals are equally at home on land and water.

However, they will spend most of their day underwater or in water. River otters are very good eaters. A typical day for a river otter requires 6-9 hours of hunting.

In other words, they eat about 20 percent of their total weight each day. River otters mainly eat fish. Smaller prey is eaten directly in the water, while the larger catch is usually eaten on shore.

Although they are excellent swimmers, otters move almost as well on land. In addition to going on land to eat or sleep, river otters need to go on land to prevent their fur from collecting in the water.

Otters can live neither on land nor exclusively in water, they are a perfect example of an animal that needs both sources for survival.

Read Also: Most Greedy Animals in the World

Crabs

Crabs are decapod crustaceans covered with an exoskeleton. They have one pair of claws and five sets of legs. Crabs are quite widespread creatures found in all the world’s oceans, land and freshwater.

A few species live almost exclusively on land, while most can survive for one to two days out of water. Once their gills are wet, they have to go back into the water, or they will die.

Crabs use their numerous legs to travel sideways when they are on land. The fastest land crab and one of the fastest land invertebrates is the ghost crab, capable of reaching speeds of up to 10 miles per hour.

Most crabs are nocturnal, meaning they are active at night and sleep during the day. Their ability to hunt at night allows them to avoid many different predators as well as the scorching heat.

Walruses

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Walruses are large animals characterized by long tusks and a peculiar movement on the ground. They are terrestrial marine mammals that live in cold environments near the North Pole.

Although walruses are primarily terrestrial animals, they spend about two-thirds of their time in the water. They are very graceful in the water and can swim up to 22 mph (35 km/h).

Walruses move incredibly fast on land, as they have flippers on all four limbs. They usually go to land to rest and bear their young.

Walruses are social creatures and will spend a great deal of time out of the water. They will also find protection in groups from their number one predator – polar bears.

Read Also: Can Polar Bears Breathe Underwater?

Penguin

Animals That Live On Land And Water

When we talk about animals that live on land and water, we must not forget the penguin. The southern hemisphere is where these birds that cannot fly reside.

Their inability to fly is replaced by exceptional swimming ability. Penguins spend two-thirds of their lives in water.

How comfortable they are in the water is shown by the fact that they are seen taking naps while swimming.

Equipped with flippers, penguins swim with great skill at speeds of up to 6 mph (9.7 km/h). Once they finish the breeding season, penguins go to land to rest and feed their young.

Read Also: Animals That Waddle

Swans

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Swans are big waterfowl that can be found in many different habitats. Their preferred habitats include marshes, slow-moving rivers, ponds, lakes, and streams.

These semi-aquatic birds are strong swimmers that use the adaptations of their webbed feet.

Swans are land-dwelling birds, yet they prefer to be in the water for most of the day.

They usually go to the ground to feed. Being herbivores, swans’ diet consists of short grasses, leafy greens and other plants.

Also, swans nest on the ground. They usually build their nests on pre-existing structures surrounded by water.

Read Also: Animals With Feathers

American Alligators

Animals That Live On Land And Water

American alligators, or simply gators, are large crocodilian reptiles found in the southeastern parts of the United States. These top predators feed mainly on fish, birds, amphibians and mammals.

Gators spend most of their time in the water. On the surface, underwater, or deep below. They usually stay submerged for 20 minutes, but when resting, and when conditions are right, fish can hold their breath for up to 24 hours.

While on land, they appear clumsy, but crocodiles are capable of moving quite quickly. Their endurance on land is low, but they can reach speeds of up to 35 mph.

Gators usually go to the ground to feed on animal carcasses, and sometimes they try to hunt ground animals themselves.

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Salamander

Animals That Live On Land And Water

Salamanders are lizard-like amphibians with skin and small limbs and slender bodies. They fall into three classifications: aquatic, semi-aquatic, and terrestrial.

As our topic is ‘animals that live on land and water’, I will focus on semi-aquatic salamanders. This type of salamander is also known as a newt.

Newts are born in water where they spend their larval life. During their second life stage, the juvenile stage, newts live on land. Once they reach the age of sexual maturity, they revert to an aquatic lifestyle.

However, all salamander species require water to survive, so to stay moist, they choose the most common habitat in or near water.

Capybaras

Capybaras are rare semi-aquatic mammals that live in South America and are closely related to guinea pigs. These giant rodents are perfectly adapted for life in bodies of water.

Capybaras are great swimmers capable of staying underwater for up to five minutes if needed. Their partially webbed feet are the perfect adaptation for life in water. In addition, they have brittle fur that dries out fairly quickly on the ground.

Most of their life is spent in water, swimming, or feeding in the water. When on the ground, capybaras are either grooming themselves or preparing to sleep in nearby dense vegetation.

Read Also: Animals That Eat Plants

Hippos

One of the biggest semi-aquatic mammals in the world is the hippopotamus. Found in lakes and rivers of Africa. Hippos spend 16 hours a day submerged.

The reason they live mostly in water is because of their skin. Hip skin is sensitive and needs to be kept moist during the sunny part of the day.

When the sun sets, these giants descend to the ground for their second favorite activity – feeding.

Although they spend most of their time in the water, hippos are animals that cannot swim or swim. They are too heavy to float.

Instead, they move by walking underwater.

Hippos also vary in aggression depending on location. On land, they are generally peaceful, while in water hippos are very unpredictable and dangerous.

Polar Bears

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Polar bears are the largest and most powerful species of bear. They are considered to be marine mammals and are found on the sea ice of the Arctic Ocean.

These polar bears spend most of their time on land but are perfectly adapted to aquatic life.

Two coats of thick fur help regulate body temperature in harsh environments. In addition, polar bears are exceptional swimmers.

A female polar bear who holds the record for swimming nonstop for ten days covered 426 miles. In addition, polar bears are capable of holding their breath for up to 20 minutes if needed.

On land, they may look clumsy, but don’t be fooled, polar bears can run up to 25 miles per hour. They also sleep on the ground. A shallow hole in the snow is usually their favorite place to nap.

Read Also: How Strong Are Polar Bears?

Spotted Turtles

Animals That Live On Land And Water

The spotted turtle is a small semi-aquatic animal, and as their name suggests, they have yellow spots on its black shell. They inhabit freshwater locations with shallow depths in southern Canada and the eastern United States.

Despite being semi-aquatic, spotted turtles spend a lot of time on land. The reason is simple. These small reptiles are not good swimmers, and therefore, only go into shallow water.

Spotted turtles usually go into the water to eat snails, insects, spiders and some aquatic plants.

Also, spotted turtles are vulnerable to many predators on land, so to avoid trouble, they will run into the water or bury themselves in the mud.

Read Also: Cutest Turtles in the World

Lungfish

The last animal on our list of animals that live on land and water is the lungfish.

Lungfish are prehistoric creatures that have existed for 400 million years! These animals live in swamps and small rivers of South America, Australia and Africa.

Lungfish are the only species that can live on land and in water. Unlike all fish, lungfish have both lungs and a throat, enabling them to breathe in both mediums.

Also, this unique creature hibernates in mud for up to five years without food or water! They usually end their spawning period when the rain accumulates enough for them to float again.

However, even under normal conditions, these animals breathe air. Their throats and lungs work together to provide oxygen to these incredible creatures of nature.

Last Words On Animals That Live On Land And Water

In conclusion, animals that live on land and water, such as amphibians, play an important role in their ecosystems. They have adapted to survive in both terrestrial and aquatic environments and have unique characteristics that allow them to do so. Other animals like Platypuses and otters are also examples of animals that live on land and water. These animals are fascinating creatures that are worth learning more about. They are important for maintaining biodiversity and ecological balance in the environment. It’s important to note that amphibians are facing many threats such as habitat destruction, pollution, and disease, and it’s important to protect them and their habitats.

Animals That Live On Land And Water
Animals That Live on Land and Water

Title: Animals That Live On Land And Water

Description: Amphibians are the most famous class of animals that live on land and water. However, apart from amphibians, many other animals can live on both mediums.

Start date: January 21, 2023

Author: Muhammad Ali

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Summary

In conclusion, animals that live on land and water, such as amphibians, play an important role in their ecosystems. They have adapted to survive in both terrestrial and aquatic environments and have unique characteristics that allow them to do so. Other animals like Platypuses and otters are also examples of animals that live on land and water. These animals are fascinating creatures that are worth learning more about. They are important for maintaining biodiversity and ecological balance in the environment. It’s important to note that amphibians are facing many threats such as habitat destruction, pollution, and disease, and it’s important to protect them and their habitats.

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