Animals That Chew Cud (With Pictures)

Chewing cud is the process by which herbivores reprocess the food they previously chewed and chew it a second time. Although in general, herbivores are animals that chew cud, not all herbivores are cud chewing animals.

Herbivorous animals that chew their cud are called ruminants. The word ruminant comes from the Latin term ruminare, meaning ‘to chew again’, which is literally what chewing cud is; chewing again. Since humans don’t chew, the idea of reconstituting food to re-chew it seems distasteful.

However, the ruminant’s stomach cannot digest cellulose, which is found in all the fiber they eat from the plants they graze on. Ruminants increase the nutritional content of their meal by chewing cud.

A ruminant’s stomach is separated into four slightly specialized chambers that present a unique digestive mechanism in order to break down this fiber.

There are many types of herbivores, both domesticated and wild.

In today’s article, we will talk about the animals that chew cud. Without further ado, Let’s know about these chewing animals.

Animals That Chew Cud

Cows

Cows are probably the most famous animal that chew cud. Perhaps because cows have been a domesticated species for thousands of years, humans have had more time to observe their behavior. For the production of beef, milk, and leather, cows are raised for commercial purposes. Additionally, they are bred for sport, utilized as a gauge of wealth, and even cherished as precious worship artifacts.

In the wild, calves start to gaze at around 5-7 months. The weaning period helps calves develop their rumen. The rumen is the first of the stomach chambers, where plant fibers are broken down by microbes in the fermentation process. It is in a sense pre-digested.

Depending on the function they serve, cows have different names. Cows who have never given birth are called heifers. After giving birth, they are kept as cows and used for milk.

A male cow is called a bull. Those raised for draft are called oxen, while those raised for beef are called steers. Additionally, male calves raised for their meat are called veal and are slaughtered at about 3 months of age.

Read Also: Animals That Eat Plants

Goats

animals that chew cud
animals that chew cud

Goats have a digestive system similar to cows and their rumen contains 3-6 gallons (13-27 liters) of material. During the resting period, goats will chew, mixing it well with saliva. When swallowed, it passes into another chamber of the stomach called the reticulum.

The goat’s reticulum has a layer of honeycomb that acts as a sieve, preventing the waste the goat swallows from passing through the digestive tract. It may be of interest to know that there are times when a goat cannot chew its cud. such as when it is bloated, or when its rumen becomes acidic (often due to a change in diet). If left untreated, these conditions can be life-threatening.

These cud chewing animals are often raised for their meat and milk. Some species are bred for their fur, such as the Angora and cashmere breeds, and goats are kept as pets in some parts of the world.

Read Also: Animals That Gallop

Giraffes

animals that chew cud
chewing animals

These gentle giants are easily recognized as long-necked, brown-spotted, acacia-eating, savanna-dwelling herbivores. Giraffes have developed prehensile tongues that grow to about 18 inches for feeding. This means they grab their food by wrapping their tongue around it, much like a monkey uses its tail to grab branches.

They also chew and this action is particularly fascinating as it can be seen more clearly due to the giraffe’s long neck. As their chewed mat moves from the reticulum to the omasum, the third chamber, volatile fatty acids, and ammonia produced in the first two chambers due to fermentation are absorbed.

Interestingly, giraffes graze for 16-20 hours per day and eat an astonishing 34-75kg (75-165lbs) per day. And given their size, is it really any surprise?

Interestingly, they sleep 5-30 minutes per day, mostly on their feet. Most herbivores are grazers, however, the term used to describe giraffe foraging is ‘browsing’.

Read Also: Long Neck Animals

Camels

animals that chew cud

Speaking of animals that chew cud, we shouldn’t forget camels. Like giraffes, camels are identified by unique features starting with the hump on their back. They are also associated with long-distance desert travel as pack animals and are known for their ability to go without drinking water for long periods, from 1 week to 10 months if sufficient vegetation is present.

Although camels can drink 100 liters (25 gallons) of water in less than 10 minutes when water is available, their ability to stay hydrated for long periods of time depends on the fact that they regulate the amount of water in their bodies. are the best at doing. They reduce sweating by helping their wool coat and allowing their body temperature to rise to 41˚ C (106˚ F). They reabsorb water moisture from their nostrils when exhaling, minimizing urine output and producing dry stools.

Perhaps because of their survival needs, camels are a ruminant that does not have four limbs. The camel’s digestive system consists of three parts, the rumen, the reticulum, and the abomasum. Which are all rumored to be the last of the four stomach chambers. This means that the digestion process is shorter, which is an added benefit as it reduces sweating.

In addition to their value in travel, they are kept for their milk, meat, hides and wool. Interesting facts about camels; Their lips are parted and can move freely in all directions, and their nostrils can be pinched to blow desert sand from their lungs. They will occasionally kick or even kick when agitated, and when excited will huff so fast, they will spit.

Read Also: Most Greedy Animals in the World

Deer

animals that chew cud
chewing animals

Another grumpy animal that chews is the deer. Deer have a wide range of diets, and much of their diet depends on the time of year. Still, their favorite foods are mainly based on the leafy parts of woody plants, forbs, grasses, fruits and mushrooms.

If there is enough food in its environment, a deer eats 6 to 8 percent of its total body weight per day. Consequently, a 200-pound deer will consume 12 to 16 pounds of food each day.

Once their first stomach is full of food, the deer will settle down to chew their cud. After a certain period of time, the deer will begin the second phase of chewing its cud by moving (re-swallowing) to another part of the stomach, also known as the reticulum. This part of the stomach is responsible for filtering out waste material and this process can last up to 16 hours in total.

Read Also: Do Deer Eat Mice?

The last word on animals that chew cud

This process of digestion is said to have been an evolutionary necessity before animals were domesticated. Most herbivores will graze with their heads down, a dangerous position in the wild. Being able to grab what they can while their heads are down, and digest it later enables them to eat large amounts quickly. This also comes in handy when they have to suddenly stop feeding and run away from predators.

And all this will be for ‘animals that chew cud’. If you liked this article then I suggest you to read- Animals That Gallop

Animals That Chew Cud (With Pictures)
Animals That Chew Cud (With Pictures)

Title: Animals That Chew Cud (With Pictures)

Description: Chewing cud is the process by which herbivores reprocess the food they previously chewed and chew it a second time. Although in general, herbivores are animals that chew cud, not all herbivores are cud chewing animals.

Start date: January 26, 2023

Author: Muhammad Ali

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Summary

Chewing cud is the process by which herbivores reprocess the food they previously chewed and chew it a second time. Although in general, herbivores are animals that chew cud, not all herbivores are cud chewing animals.
Herbivorous animals that chew their cud are called ruminants. The word ruminant comes from the Latin term ruminare, meaning ‘to chew again’, which is literally what chewing cud is; chewing again. Since humans don’t chew, the idea of reconstituting food to re-chew it seems distasteful.
However, the ruminant’s stomach cannot digest cellulose, which is found in all the fiber they eat from the plants they graze on. Ruminants increase the nutritional content of their meal by chewing cud.
A ruminant’s stomach is separated into four slightly specialized chambers that present a unique digestive mechanism in order to break down this fiber.

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